2015 and 2016 have been monumental years for science as far as groundbreaking discoveries across various concentrations go. The curiosities of space and medicine fields lead the pack, with the first ever close flyby of the New Horizons close to former planet Pluto and the finding of evidence that Mars once had oceans topping the list. Tireless researchers have also discovered the first new antibiotic bionic lens that can perfect human vision and we are very close to finding a new vaccine to finally rid the world of HIV/AIDS. Although there are essential discoveries being announced every day, these are the top three you should take the time to read more about.
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3. Discovery of a new species of human ancestor
Earlier last year, a 2.8 million year old jawbone that extends the evolutionary timeline Homo genus by 400,000 years was discovered in Ethiopia. Just a few months later, a collection of ‘bizarre’ bones found in a South African cave, now known to belong to Homo naledi, has forced scientist what they know about the evolution of humans.
2. There is a new fourth state of matter
The age old belief that matter exists in only three states – gas, liquid, and solid – has been proven wrong with the discovery of the ‘Jahn-Teller metal’ state. It is not an overwhelming discovery despite the catchy name. Scientists discovered this new state where electrons of fullerene molecules co-exist with metallicity and may prove useful in the world of superconductors in the future.
1. The first lab grown human muscle
Research on human cells has progressed beyond growing stem cells, but this is the first real promise that it will soon be possible to print spare parts of the human body. A team at Duke University has managed to grow human muscle that responds to stimuli and contracts just like a native tissue. This monumental breakthrough is already showing promise in safer drug testing and medical experiments, eliminating the need to use living humans in experiments and tests.
Which other latest science breakthroughs do you think should have made this list? Let us know what you think.